From 1 January 2015, all new claimants of Newstart Allowance and Youth Allowance (Other) who are under 30 years of age must demonstrate appropriate job search and participation in employment services support for six months before receiving payments. The waiting period may be reduced based on previous workforce participation.

After six months, claimants will be required to participate in 25 hours per week Work for the Dole to receive income support, and following this may continue to access employment services for a further six month period, including access to a wage subsidy in lieu of income support.

Existing recipients of Newstart Allowance and Youth Allowance (Other) who are under 30 years of age will also become subject to these new arrangements from 1 July 2015. These people will have already served six months on Work for the Dole.

Young people who do not have full capacity to work, are the principal carer of a child, are part-time apprentices, are in education or are job seekers in Disability Employment Services or Job Services Australia Streams 3 and 4 will be exempt.